The name of the corresponding author is followed by his/her e-mail address.
An affiliation includes the full formal name of the institution and its full postal address (including postal code, city, and country). Authors are requested to indicate all places of employment relevant to the study.
In case when authors are employed at different institutions, the employment at a certain institution is indicated with a superscript.
In the English information block, formal English names of all institutions are indicated.
The abstract is presented in Russian and English. It should concisely outline the topicality of the study, its main goal, approaches used, results, and main conclusions. The recommended volume of an abstract is 200–250 words. Annotations should not contain first coined terms, abbreviations (except for generally accepted ones), or references.
The number of keywords is recommended to be no more than ten. It is desirable that the keywords supplement the abstract and title.
6. Body of the article
The following section headings are recommended for experimental articles: Introduction; Materials and methods; Results; Discussion, Conclusions; References.
Review articles may be of arbitrary structure, but an abstract is mandatory. Section headings in such articles are at authors’ discretion.
Latin names of the objects of studies should be written in the title and the body text according to common rules of taxonomic notation. Binary names of species are typed in italic (Drosophila melanogaster), and taxa of higher ranks, in Roman. When mentioned first, the generic and specific names are typed in full, and then the generic name is indicated with its uppercase first letter and the specific name is indicated in full (D. melanogaster).
The names and symbols of genes are typed in italic, and the names of their products, in Roman with appropriate capitalization accepted for the species in question. Examples of genes: fos, c-myc, ATM. Proteins: Fos, c-Myc, ATM. Italicized are also designations of mobile elements, such as hobo, and the first three letters of a restriction site, e.g., HindIII. Names of phages and viruses are typed in Roman according to their Latin spelling.
Commonly accepted abbreviations are preferable. Unusual units or abbreviations should be spelled out in full or defined in the text. Authors are requested to use the International System of Units (Système International d’Unités).
Mathematical formulae should be typed in MS WinWord (6.0 or newer) or in MathType. Equations are centered and enumerated with Arabic numerals in parentheses in textual order. Numbers of equations are aligned right. Blank lines should be inserted before and after each equation. Several consecutive equations should also be separated by blank lines.
All copyrighted figures should be supplemented with written licenses to publish from the copyright holders.
Figures should be printable
Figures should be supplied with captions and their English translations
Figures are enumerated with Arabic numerals in textual order. If there is only one figure in a paper, it is not enumerated.
Figures are referred to in the text as “It follows from Figure 3 that…” or “It is shown that… (Fig. 3)”.
A caption includes the running number and title of the figure. It is center aligned.
No period is put after a caption.
A caption in Russian is followed by its English translation.
Tables should be printable and of good quality. Editable tables are preferable to scanned or drawn.
All tables should have headings.
The headings should be translated into English
Tables are enumerated with Arabic numerals in textual order. If there is only one table in the paper, it is not enumerated.
No word clipping should be used in tables. All acronyms should be expanded in table footnotes.
Tables are referred to in the text as “Table 3 indicates that…” or “It is indicated that… (Table 3)”.
A heading includes the running number and title of the table. No period is put after a caption.
A heading is center aligned. A caption in Russian is followed by its English translation:
Таблица 2. Описание жизненно важных процессов
Table 2. Description of vital processes
- Screenshots and photographs
Screenshots, photographs, and other raster images should be submitted as separate *.jpeg, *.bmp, *.gif files (*.doc or *docx if the image contains additional remarks) in the specialized item of the form for article submission. The resolution should be no less than 300 dpi. The files should be named in accordance with the running numbers of the figures. The description of such a file should contain a caption corresponding to the title of the image in the body file.
Footnotes are enumerated with Arabic numerals and placed pagewise. They may include references to anonymous sources in Internet, references to textbooks, GOSTs, statistical reports, articles in mass media, synopses, and dissertations (unless articles based on dissertation research can be referred to), as well as author’s comments.
All funding sources are indicated. Expressions of gratitude to people that contributed to the study without being its authors are included.
8. Conflicts of interest
If there are no conflicts of interests, the authors should state it in the article. Example: “The authors declare no conflict of interest”. Otherwise they shall inform the Editorial Board on actual or potential conflicts of interest by mentioning them in the corresponding sections of the article.
The journal adheres to the Harvard quotation style. References should appear in text in parentheses. The last name of a cited author is indicated without initials, followed by the year of publication, e.g., (Ivanov, 1999). If two authors with the same last name are cited, initials are indicated, e.g., (Ivanov I.P., 1999; Ivanov M.Yu., 2009) In case of two authors, both last names are indicated with the year of publication, e.g., (Gihr, Smith, 2001). Works by three or more authors are referred to as follows: (Gatsby et al., 1998).
When several publications are cited, the references in parentheses are arranged in chronological order, e.g. “In several papers (Smirnov, 1978; Smith, Gatsby, 1998; Pavlova et al., 2001)…”. In sequences of papers of one year, references are arranged alphabetically. Two or more references by the same author(s) with the same year of publication should be designated by Roman lowercase letters, e.g., (Smirnov et al., 2005a, b; Smith 2007, a, c; Ulrich et al., 2008b). The order of alphabetical indexing is determined by the positions of sources in the References section.
Only reviewed sources (articles from scientific journals and monographs) mentioned in the text body are included in References. It is not advisable to include synopses, dissertations, textbooks, GOSTs, information from Web sites, statistical reports, articles in newspapers, or blogs. If it is necessary to refer to such sources, the references should be placed into footnotes.
The cited sources are arranged into alphabetical lists indicating last names and initials of all authors of each publication. Works of a certain author are arranged in chronological order. All authors of an article, monograph, etc. should be indicated.
References to articles from journals should indicate the year of publication, journal volume and issue, page numbers, DOI, and Web hyperlink.
References to articles accepted for publication but not yet published should be indicated “in press”. The author(s) should provide written permission for reference to such papers and the warranty of their acceptance. Information from unpublished sources should be indicated “unpublished data/documents”. The author(s) should provide written permission for using such materials.
References should be verified, and the publication data should be checked on the official websites of the journals and/or editorials.
The list of references should be translated into English. A reference to a Russian-language source ends in the indication of the language: (In Russ.)
Names of authors and journals are transliterated according to the BSI standard.
Examples of references
References to non-Russian sources
1Lastname Initials, 2Lastname Initials. Article Title. Journal Name. Year; Volume(No.):00–00. DOI: 10.13655/1.6.1234567.
References to non-Russian monographs
- With 1–3 authors:
1Lastname Initials, 2Lastname Initials. Book Title. Edition No. City: Editorial; Year.
- Indicating the editor or compiler
1Lastname Initials, 2Lastname Initials. 3Lastname Initials, eds. Title. Edition No. City: Editorial; Year.
- Chapter from a monograph or collection of articles
1Lastname Initials, 2Lastname Initials, (Ed.) Title. Edition No. City: Editorial; Year.
Names of journals and monograph titles are italicized. Initials are followed by periods. No comma is set between a last name and initials.
References to translated articles or monographs
Article. Authors (transliteration) [English translation of the article title in brackets]. Title of the Russian-language source (transliteration). Publication data with designations in English or purely numerical. Indication of the language (in Russ.)
Monograph. [English translation of the monograph title in brackets]. Publication data: editorial name in English, if it is an institution, and transliteration, if it is a publishing house (this should be indicated). Number of pages.
1Familiya I.O., 2Familiya I.O. [Translation of the article title]. Transliteration of the journal name = Formal English name. Year; Volume(No.): 00–00. DOI: 0000-0000 (In Russ.)
1Familiya I.O. [Translation of the monograph title]. City: Izdatel’stvo; 2000 (In Russ.)
References to Internet sources
Note: It is preferable to refer to the website mentioned in the article.
Publication title [site]. Site name; 2016 [version of October 19, 2016; accessed October30, 2016]. Available at http://www.example.ru.